PCOS is caused by an imbalance of the hormones needed for reproduction. It affects between 5% and 10% of women. All women produce a small amount of so-called male hormones or androgens. Women with PCOS have elevated levels of androgen. This creates problems with the normal function of the ovaries.
Your ovaries produce the egg released each month during ovulation. When you have PCOS, the egg may not mature normally or may not be released at all. Without a mature and viable egg, you can’t get pregnant. PCOS is one of the most common causes of infertility in women.
PCOS symptoms typically develop around the time your menstrual cycles begin and can include:
There’s no cure for PCOS. Treatment generally focuses on the problems it creates. For instance, if you’re overweight, Dr. Al-Hakeem may recommend increased physical activity, healthy nutrition geared toward weight loss, and other lifestyle changes.
Because insulin resistance often occurs with PCOS and can cause difficulty with ovulation and weight loss, Dr. Al-Hakeem may recommend treatment with metformin -- a medication often used in type 2 diabetes to control insulin levels.
To treat infertility and regulate abnormal ovulation caused by PCOS, Dr. Al-Hakeem may also recommend:
Having too few periods in a year can increase your risk of developing cancer of the lining (endometrium) of your uterus. To avoid this, Dr. Al-Hakeem may recommend treatment with a combination birth control pill, one that contains progestin and estrogen, to reduce androgen production and regulate your periods.
Birth control pills that effectively lower abnormal androgen levels also reduce:
Regardless of the severity of your PCOS symptoms, Dr. Al-Hakeem can design a treatment plan that effectively decreases the ways PCOS interferes with your life. Call for your appointment today or consider using his convenient online scheduling service.
We accept almost all insurance plans. If you have any questions about your coverage, please call our office. We are happy to help!
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